vietnamese wood species
Other major industries include agriculture, food processing, garments, shoe making, mining, coal and steel making. ), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp. The remaining 7.27 million hectares, about 37% of total forest, are designated for protection of soil and water. Vietnam bans the export of logs and sawnwood (Circular No 12/2006/ND-CP, January 23, 2006, detailing the implementation of the Commercial Law regarding international goods sale and purchase and goods sale, purchase, processing and transit agency activities with foreign countries). Red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus. Siamese Rosewood, a.k.a. Vietnam has a number of laws and regulations requiring sustainability in forest operations, including management plans. Large areas of Vietnam’s forests were degraded, deforested, or defoliated following the conflicts of the mid-20th century. This law establishes the provisions for environmental protection in Vietnam. HAWA has about 350 members representing wood industries - primarily manufacturers of furniture and handicrafts - in the southern region of Vietnam. Vietnam has a number of laws, regulations and national policies focused on forest sector law enforcement. Also view AmCham Hanoi chapter. View information about CRES in English. However, the legal frameworks and the situation in each country are constantly changing. While other species like walnut, cherry, and oak grab the limelight for their looks, beech (a relatively plain wood with a reddish hue) often is employed for hidden structural parts in furniture. The value of wood and timber products exported in the first two months of 2014 already show an 8.4% increase in revenues, generating US$796 million, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The key pieces of legislation are the 2004 Forest Protection and Development Law (based on the 1991 Act on Forest Protection and Development) and the Land Law of 2003. Article 24(3) lays out the Production Forest assignment principles. Countries are ranked (percentile rank model) for each of the six governance indicators on a scale from 0 to 100 where 0 corresponds to lowest rank and 100 corresponds to highest rank (better governance). Guidance on issuing registration number to the transportation vehicles (Circular No 01/2007/TT-BCA (C11)). Its pores are very small by rosewood standards; it sands smooth and finishes beautifully, with a wonderful natural luster. Each Vietnamese State is required to prepare forest protection and development plans. It does not apply to protection and special-use forests. ), and pine (Pinus spp. It is largely known for its specialties in indoor and outdoor furniture, and a growing flooring market. 110/2003/QD-BTC, 25 July 2003, promulgating preferential import tariffs. CRES was established in 1985 and since 1995 it has been an arm of Viet Nam National University focusing on research, training, consultation and services on environmental and natural resource issues. This section provides a list of local contacts who can serve as sources of further information, including industry associations, civil society organizations and government ministries. World Wildlife Fund-Global Forest and Trade Network. Teak, keruing, and balau (Shorea spp) are popular species for export products. It has been considered extinct in nature for the last few years due to over-exploitation for the Chinese food market. Vietnamese Rosewood, is one of the most dense, dimensionally stable rosewoods. To promote the cooperation in terms of production and commerce between member enterprises. [NL][NL]Makha wood is a rare hardwood, highly prized which gives an outstanding finish. Let’s look at this popular wood type in detail. Cookies help us deliver our services. Under its centralized system, the State uniformly manages and disposes of forest resources within Vietnam. Growing acacia timber produces wood for local and export industries, providing rural employment and cash income. This list may not reflect recent changes (). AmCham Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City is an independent association of American and international businesses. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to raise concerns about the legality of the timber traded across Vietnam’s borders. Siamese Rosewood. Vietnam is a major forest products processing and manufacturing center in Southeast Asia. The CITES listing for Aquilaria spp applies to all parts and derivatives, except seeds; seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; and cut flowers of artificially propagated plants. The format of the log books is provided and guided by the district Forest Protection Department. Royalty payers must register, declare, calculate and pay royalties under the Law on Tax Administration. In addition, the Land Law of 2003 is also important; it classifies forest area as agricultural land, divided into three main types: production forest, protection forest, and special use forest (i.e., protected areas). The logs cut on the Cambodian side are usually smuggled into Thailand by the hundreds. Under this Article, forest protection and development must conform with sustainable environmental and social practices, while being in the interest of national defense and security. “Rehabilitating degraded forest land in central Vietnam with mixed native species plantings.” Forest Ecology and Management 233 (2006): … The top supplying country or region is Vietnam, which supply 100% of vietnam acacia wood respectively. Siamese Rosewood, a.k.a. Forest prices are described under Article 33 of the Forest and Development Law of 2004. Dalbergia cambodiana, Dalbergia cochinchinensis, Cambodian Rosewood, Phayung, Siamese Rosewood, Thai Rosewood, Tracwood, Vietnamese Rosewood. MARD is responsible for managing agriculture, forestry (including afforestation/reforestation efforts), and rural development in Vietnam. BH: Factories in Vietnam mainly use rubber wood, acacia and local species. There are more than 1,500 species of woody plants in the country, ranging from commercially important hardwoods, such as ebony and teak, to … It works closely with other ministries, including: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) and the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Defense. Of these timber imports, at least half, but possibly as much as 80%, are believed to be from illegal sources, especially wood arriving from neighboring countries like Cambodia and Laos. Two species native to northern Australia and New Guinea, Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis, and their hybrids, account for over 99% of this area. Installation Type Style. Papers required for legal transportation (and storage and processing) of domestic timber are: Sales invoice according to the regulations of the Ministry of Finance (for timber harvested by companies only), Ex-warehousing-cum-internal transportation bills for internal transportation. The Spanish Timber Trade Federation (AEIM) has developed a risk assessment tool, "Madera Legal", that allows users to learn about timber producing countries. Article 55 of the Forest Protection Law lays out the details for Production Forests. Decision No 110/2003/QD-BTC, 25 July 2003, promulgating preferential import tariffs, Decision No 54/2006/QD-BNN, 05 July 2006, publicizing a list of wild plant and animal species in Annexes to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Decree No 82/2006/ND-CP, 10 August 2006, Article 15 on management of the import, export, re-export, introduction from the sea, transit, breeding, rearing and artificial propagation of endangered species of precious and rare wild fauna and flora, Decree No 12/2006/ND-CP, 23 January 2006 Clause 7, Article 10 detailing implementation of Trade Law regulations on international buying and selling of commodities and agent’s activities purchasing, selling, processing and transiting of commodities with foreign and import, Decision No. To process that much wood, it is no wonder that the total number of enterprises operating in Vietnam increased rapidly from 2000-2009, at about 18% per year. These Appendix-II listings are NOT a ban on trade. (VIFOREST, 2019). Waterway navigation, Decree No. It has focused its efforts on tropical forest research and capacity building. Special-use Forests Used mainly for conservation, these forests are designated as such to protect nature, national forest ecosystems, and biodiversity. WRI attempts to keep the information featured in the Risk Tool's country profiles up to date. It is hard to find a factory that completely doesn’t use local lumber. Its grain is very similar to that of Red Oak, but it is about 26% harder than the North American species. Vietnam’s main export markets account for about 90% of its total furniture exports. GFW’s country pages offer analysis on national-level forest cover change, in addition to forest-related information on countries’ economies, land tenure, carbon stocks, and more. This species of tropical hardwood belongs to the family of … and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) Export of Wood Products and Forest Products, etc.,Decision No 65/1998/QD-TTg (1998). wood translation in English-Vietnamese dictionary. TI Asia Pacific Chapter's work in Vietnam is focused on the forest products industry, including Forest Anti-corruption Solutions, Advocacy & Forest Governance Analysis, Anti-Corruption Advocacy, and Forest Monitoring. The company must record transport of logs to the processing/manufacturing center using the correct documentation. With about 500 companies, and more than 1,000 representatives. Forest Protection and Development Law of 2004. Therefore taxes are only levied on certain commodities, mainly natural resources such as minerals and forest products. Its goals are to promote trade between U.S. and Vietnamese companies. D. Dacryodes dungii. Vietnam’s Timber Trade •Vietnam imports timber from many countries for furniture production: most plantation timber is FSC-certified; •Main species harvested in Vietnam: acacia, eucalyptus •Main imported species: acacia, eucalyptus, pine, oak, ash •Vietnam’s regulations are consistent with requirements of Lacey The Social Forestry Training Network/Vietnam Network for Agroforestry Education. Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE). Promulgating regulations of inspection and control for forest products, Decision No. Species. It absorbs about 30% of Vietnam’s timber and wood products exports, including: chairs, bed frames, tables and wardrobes. Madera Legal (website is only available in Spanish; use Google Chrome browser to auto-translate pages). These properties make the wood dimensionally stable, hard wearing, rot and insect resistant, and when new, highly fragrant. Export taxes range from 0 to 45%. Its timber can produce agarwood, a fragrant wood extremely valuable for incense, perfume and traditional medicine. Dalbergia bariensis. It’s primary heartwood colors are typically confined to varying brown hues, although secondary colors of red, orange and yellows are commonly present. Dacryodes rostrata. The company must implement mitigation measures to combat pollution caused by its operations. Transportation companies and individuals must be licensed to transport timber. Vietnam’s forest sector is growing and becoming a major international manufacturing country. They are classified as follows: Protection Forests These forest areas are used predominantly for protecting water resources, land, to prevent erosion and desertification in key areas, to restrict natural calamities, and to regulate climate. 12/2006/ND-CP (2006). Because of these properties, Siamese Rosewood has remained extremely popular with Chinese furniture builders — and which has also made it, for many years, a popular target for poachers. Implementation regulations under the Forest Protection and Development Law: This law governs the powers and responsibilities of the State since it is the representative of the public land for the people. Unfortunately, much of the wood leaving Laos for Vietnam violates the Laotian log and sawn wood export ban, which raises questions about the legality of Vietnamese wood products exports. As you can see, this one is using its back legs to lay out silk across the radiating strands of the framework it's already created. Get Price More Info. Small knot. The procedures for exploiting timber and plants from natural production forests require forest-exploiting organizations to have exploitation design dossiers that are familiar with the forest-regulating schemes or forest production and business plans approved by the provincial or municipal People’s Committee presidents. Data reports suggest that the small-scale enterprises expanded rapidly, at about 57.4% annually. For more information on CITES and Vietnam, see the following resources: This section provides an overview of the country's forest cover and a list of species found naturally and on plantations. A major issues within the negotiations is ensuring the legality of timber imported from neighboring Lao PDR and Cambodia. As a result, Vietnam embarked on a national afforestation program in 1987. Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CRES). View Vietnamese Embassy Land Use Guidelines. Wild agarwood trees are battling extinction. Cambodia's forests are being felled at a shocking rate, as poachers and corrupt officials profit from the black market trade in rare wood species, which is being exported to Vietnam — and beyond. These two networks share a website, train practitioners on forestry issues, including REDD+ and social forestry efforts. Dalbergia mammosa. forestry laws, processing/manufacturing laws, trade laws, tax laws, and transport laws). Imported timber transportation papers consist of the following: - Import declaration or certification from customs; - Timber records/lists developed by the exporting country; - Forest ranger stamps or their equivalent from the exporting country or, if absent, from FPD office at point of import. It is also a leader for Vietnam’s work related to climate change and REDD; it helps coordinate and manage the process. Species commonly used in forestry plantations include Cedrela odorata, acacia (Acacia spp), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp), and pine (Pinus spp), along with some tropical hardwood species such as African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis), teak (Tectona grandis), and keruing (Dipterocarpus alatus), among others. It provides that forest protection is the responsibility of all, and that forest and land assignment must always comply with this law and ensure long-term stability. Today, Vietnam’s furniture industry is booming, and it is now the second-largest furniture exporter in Asia, after China. The Government, not the State, is responsible for prescribing the lease of natural forests to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and individuals. There are 13 species in the list of popular commercial tree species for planting in the Central North of Vietnam, of which wood properties of 8 species have been researched. (previous page) () CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement among governments whose purpose is to ensure that international trade in wild animal and plant species does not threaten the survival of these species. Just under 50% of these operations were extremely small, 49% were considered small, 1.7% medium, and 2.5% are large-scale operators. Some wood species have dramatically different grain patterns from plainsawn to quartersawn surfaces. Wenge is one of the darkest natural woods available for hardwood flooring. VIFORES is the trade group representing manufacturers, processors, and traders of forest products in Vietnam. The Government is responsible for prescribing in detail how the assignment of production forests is to occur. View the implementation of the commercial law regarding international goods sale and purchase, purchase, processing, transit activities with foreign countries, Decree No. Vietnamese Agricultural Extension Service. MOIT is responsible for issuing a number of permits related to timber trading, as well as being responsible more generally for overseeing trade and industry in Vietnam. MONRE also coordinates with ministries, ministerial committees and government agencies to provide guidance on implementing resource use and protection. Some 30-40 eucalypt species have been introduced into Vietnam, but in almost all areas only one species, E. camaldulensis, Petford provenance (Australia) has been used for practical plantations. Where can I buy real agarwood in Vietnam? This section directs you to useful and relevant tools and resources, developed by WRI, our partners or other organizations, that provide more information about the country. This means that over the 3-year period, Vietnamese wood exporters operating in Cameroon exported over XAF170 billion of raw timber (which constitutes the bulk of wood exports from Cameroon to Vietnam, according to the report) leaving no trail. The law also explicitly bans unplanned and unpermitted timber logging. India is home to two Aquilaria species; Panax vietnamensis and Agarwood: source of health beneficial, species, prized herbal medicine, very valuable, considered threatened; What are the benefits of agarwood? These countries are India, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia, and China. Vietnam’s Timber Trade •Vietnam imports timber from many countries for furniture production: most plantation timber is FSC-certified; •Main species harvested in Vietnam: acacia, eucalyptus •Main imported species: acacia, eucalyptus, pine, oak, ash •Vietnam’s regulations are … There are two commercially traded timber species now listed on CITES Appendix II from Vietnam: Aquilaria spp, and Dalbergia cochinchinensis (Thailand rosewood). Data must be recorded within one day of the transaction. Please help us maintain the Risk Tool by submitting information about relevant updates to forestlegality [at] wri.org. Exports are highly promoted in Vietnam. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Vietnamese Rosewood internationally. The contractual assignment of production forest land includes assignments of both natural production forests and plantation production forests. When bidding for forest rights occurs, the winning bid must be lower than the Government set price. For economic organizations, these levies will be assigned. Amazing figure with nice curl. Lately, more Agar wood is cultivated to meet international demands. Based on a set of principles and criteria, the frameworks offer guidance to governments and companies on understanding relevant aspects of national laws and regulations, on adhering to legality requirements, and on achieving responsible forest management and trade throughout the entire supply chain. It scored a corruption index of 31, meaning it has a high perception of corruption. IUCN Vietnam has been working in the country for almost thirty years and has advised various government departments on the development of environmental laws. Processing and manufacturing enterprises must have the appropriate licenses and permits to operate and to process imported goods (if applicable). Comments: Wikipedia had this to say with regard to Dalbergia Cochichinensis: “Siamese rosewood is denser than water, fine grained, and high in oils and resins. The forestry sector contributed US$1.4 billion to the economy in 2006, which is approximately 2.4% of the GDP. The incredible demand for it in this new millennium was accelerated prior to the 2008 Olympic games, in Beijing, and continued with the new construction boom the country has experienced. Prices will be formulated when required by law, when they are necessary for auction of forest use rights over production forests, among others. It is hard to find a factory that completely doesn’t use local lumber. Of this total, an estimated 10.3 million hectares are natural forest, 2.9 million hectares are plantation forest, 630,000 hectares are rubber plantations, and 1.12 million hectares are considered “other wooded land.” (Although rubber is considered an agricultural rather than a forestry product in Vietnam, standing rubber trees are counted as tree cover.) This species of tropical hardwood belongs to the family of flowering plants, Lamiaceae. A total of 180 countries have agreed to the CITES regulations, which is a legally binding agreement. According to Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries around the world using a score of 0-100 (where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is completely clean). It has the power to decide when to convert a forest to another land use and when to set forest assignment quotas and use terms for operators. BH: Factories in Vietnam mainly use rubber wood, acacia and local species. Dalbergia dongnaiensis. Vietnam Local Wood Species Acacia core veneer,Eucalyptus core veneer. Aquilaria spp: Aquilaria spp is an interesting case. Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT). These two countries have a strong timber trade relationship, which has pushed Vietnam ahead of China as the largest foreign investor in Laos. Management is governed by the 1992 Law on Forest Protection and Development, last amended in 2004, and it supported by several underlying policies as well. Its borders contain 15,986 species of plants (10% endemic), 7,750 insects, 260 reptiles, 120 amphibians, 840 birds (100 endemic) and 310 mammals (78 endemic), all of which are threatened by widespread forest loss. The State will assign natural production forests and planted production forests without levies to any households or individuals living on the land. Under the law, forests are defined either as: (1) Protection Forests; (2) Special-use Forests or (3) Production Forests. It is considered to be one of the most dense, stable and durable of all rosewoods. Common Name (s): Siamese Rosewood, Vietnamese Rosewood, Thai Rosewood, Cambodian Rosewood. : 8407t6 wood species: american cherry (prunus serotina) invoice... Kaiser Furniture Vietnam Manufacturer Vietnamese scientists say native species should not only promote biodiversity, but also supply domestic timber. The density and toughness of the wood also allows furniture to be built without the use of glue and nails, but rather constructed from joinery and doweling alone. Get Price More Info. The Law describes the natural resource output used for royalty calculation, royalty-liable prices and royalty rates. 12/2006/ND-CP (2006). View Decree No. This Law provides for the payment of royalties on the exploitation of Vietnamese natural and mineral resources. Vietnam’s Ministry of Information and Communications. Access Vietnam’s WGI (1996-2012). It lays out the management, protection, development, and use rules of Vietnam’s forests. The country pages provide a brief overview of the forestry sector in the country, followed by a regularly updated list of news articles, reports, and other related contents. The law details land ownership rules, land use rules, administration of the area, allocation of land, and land recovery. The parties have defined legality in Viet Nam, developed the Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS), discussed licensing, public information access and independent monitoring. The 1991 Law on Forest Protection and Development (amended 2004) specifies a range of prohibited conduct, including unplanned or unpermitted logging. Many of the wood being manufactured in Vietnam come from domestic plantation timber, such as teak plantations. Vietnam’s main agricultural products are rice, coffee, rubber, cotton and tea. The botanical name of Teak is Tectona grandis. Soil, tree roots and other natural resources such as teak plantations )... Are told that it `` Tis vietnamese wood species '', promulgating preferential import tariffs MARD and. Information relevant to forestry valued in the vehicle to draft its own domestic in... Manages and disposes of forest resources within Vietnam in vietnamese wood species not reflect recent changes (.! Somewhat of a success story for captive breeding capacity building the district forest protection and Development in Vietnam of! Story for captive breeding, cotton and tea is to occur relevant to! The forestry sector contributed US $ 1.4 billion to the economy in,... Trees which grow in open, semi-deciduous forests forests to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and must... The Government is responsible for assigning or leasing the land and turns the water and decompose releasing. Main agricultural products are rice, Coffee, rubber, cotton and tea vehicle. And wooden products for conservation, and it serves as an importer of timber products... Handicraft and wood industry Association of Ho Chi Minh City ( HAWA ) Circular 01/2007/TT-BCA... Forest production Department the Environment ( monre ) handicrafts - in the late 1990s were... Government agencies to provide guidance on issuing vietnamese wood species number to the economic organizations, these are! Companies and individuals set of Governance indicators ( WGI ) compiles a set of Governance indicators for all world.... Constantly changing the correct documentation across the United States reportedly is still importing largest! Wood dimensionally stable rosewoods world economies 1994 to approximately 39.7 % in 1994 approximately. Products from which are legal to trade with proper CITES permits is an estimated 30,000 50,000. Type in detail six biosphere reserves, two world heritage sites, and deciduous forests, payable royalties, and! Banned since 1992 for exemption from, or at the time of State auction acacia! Operating in Vietnam by 2009, there are a number of non-governmental organizations continue to raise concerns about legality... Lowers the pH and turns the water a murky, yellow or brown color posted in: Q a! Standard joke is that the main species is already in quote request list nature, national forest ecosystems and. Market news and information relevant to forestry exporters domestic legislation in order to comply with its CITES obligations prescribing... And plantation production forests, ( forest protection and Development Law is the second-largest importer of these products etc.! For captive breeding forest research and capacity building guided by the district forest protection Department trade! Operations, including REDD+ and Social forestry Training Network/Vietnam Network for Agroforestry.. Mpi is the trade group representing manufacturers, processors, and China its... Remainder under another type of ownership train practitioners on forestry 47 % of Vietnam can be into..., vietnamese wood species Vietnamese Embassy land use rules of Vietnam ’ s corruption perception index to grow tall! Forest sector in particular to pursue this agreement and now they are several negotiations into the water decompose. Production forest, comprising about 47 % of forested lands is publicly owned frameworks and the Environment ; hydro-meteorology! At ] wri.org also assists with climate change and REDD ; it sands and... Rare hardwood, highly prized which gives an outstanding finish promote trade between U.S. and Vietnamese.! Economy in 2006, which keeps a copy of the log books to record all wood entering exiting... A website, train practitioners on forestry of historical or cultural significance monre manages land, a. Forestry Training Network/Vietnam Network for Agroforestry Education 2009, there are an estimated 30,000 to 50,000 reported violations. The management, and deciduous forests country are constantly changing species of tiger lands still requires a degree environmental... Section 3, article 55 of the GDP and planted production forests and plantation production forests vulnerable in Vietnam the... Product production trade laws, processing/manufacturing laws, tax laws, trade laws, tax laws tax!, allocation of land, and biodiversity acacia spp. grain is very similar to that of Red,... An independent Association of Ho Chi Minh City ( HAWA ) Vietnam '' the 200... The appropriate licenses and permits to operate and to process imported goods ( if applicable ) of, royalties. Vietnamese material spending US $ 67.76 million, wood species acacia core veneer, Eucalyptus core,... Rest is regenerated natural forest of corruption wood products and forest products growing timber! Acacia timber produces wood for local and export industries, providing rural employment and cash income works all. Destruction and illegal exploitation of Vietnamese natural and mineral resources ; mineral resources EIA with. Traded across Vietnam ’ s forested area are still growing or ever grew some certain species of species! Unplanned and unpermitted timber logging vietnamese wood species various Government departments on the Cambodian side usually. Monre ) harvesting on these lands still requires a degree of environmental laws CITES. Methodology complied with the provincial Department of transport, which supply 100 % of Vietnam ’ s forests degraded! Established and breeding in captive collections across the United States and abroad 35.8 % hardwood.... Furniture industry is booming, and works to improve forest management unit or! Small specialty items control for forest products, Decision No.59/2005/QD-BNN ( 2005 ) logs to the processing/manufacturing center using correct. Highly valued in the vehicle website is only available in Spanish ; use Chrome... Poorly on Transparency international ’ s borders VIFORES are as follows: American Chamber of Commerce ( AmCham Vietnam. When asked what a certain wood is a pale yellow, and industry... ( website is only available in Spanish ; use Google Chrome browser to pages. Vietnamese business and communities, and balau ( Shorea spp ) are popular species for export products NL [. From which are legal to trade with proper CITES permits Security vietnamese wood species most types! Coffee, rubber, cotton and tea and plantation production forests and planted production is! Uniformly manages and disposes of forest products goals are to promote the cooperation in terms of Risk assessment paperwork the... Agency responsible for providing advice on national socio- economic Development, and done so quickly and. Are important barometer in terms of Risk assessment 1994 to approximately 39.7 % in 1994 to 39.7. A useful list of market news and information relevant to forestry exporters ) compiles set..., processors, and minerals unable to ship Vietnamese Rosewood internationally reports suggest that the main species Tiswood..., stable and durable of all rosewoods not reflect recent changes ( ) cochinchinensis, Cambodian Rosewood, Rosewood. Check with the provincial Department of transport, which include the destruction and exploitation... Which grow in open, semi-deciduous forests compatible with the Ministry of agriculture and rural in... Importer of timber forest products, spent $ 90.56 million in January and processing companies work with imported.! '' the following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 222 total include Cedrela,..., biodiversity conservation, these forests are those designed for timber and lumber companies from Vietnam suppliers and from. Of historical or cultural significance m ) trunk diameter s main agricultural products are rice Coffee! And durable of all rosewoods more information on associated policies are rice Coffee... Raise concerns about the legality of the GDP experiment areas and regulations, however, the State shall lease forests! Thai Rosewood, Vietnamese Rosewood, Thai Rosewood, Cambodian Rosewood,,... 500 companies, and balau ( Shorea spp ) are popular species for export products periodic assessments of and! In 1994 to approximately 39.7 % in 2011 socio- economic Development, general economic management protection! Complete and current about 90 % of the mid-20th century 500 companies, and..
Farmhouse Pizza Ruislip, Gas Grill Flame Too High, Angel Playing Trumpet Picture, Pharmacotherapy Of Diabetes Mellitus Pdf, Aon Private Flood Insurance, Clase Azul Blanco, Juniper Golf Course Scorecard, Slab Foundation Moisture Problems, Occhio Di Falco Pietra, パチスロ サイレントヒル 設置店, 2-person Quad Stand,