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Especially product management of the plant, Taxonomy and botanical status as well as activities such as tillage, sowing, irrigation, fertilization, pest management, harvesting, fiber peeling (fiber stripping), product usage, biomass and economic importance was examined. technique across in Bangladesh. Although, Turkey is gene center for wheat and rye, it is understood that, the required importance is not given to gene transfer from rye. A student’s t-test was also performed in order to evaluate the significance level of the developed model. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. The quality of the ribbon retted fibers is shown in Fi, water bodies. A study conducted on physico-chemical and microbiological changes in retting water (pre- and post-retting) from four intensively jute-growing districts namely Nadia, North 24 Parganas, Hooghly and South Dinajpur of West Bengal, India, during jute retting. Bu şekilde oluşturulan ve farklı iki kromozom parçasının karşılıklı olarak yer değiştirmesi anlamına gelen translokasyonlar sonucunda elde edilen genotiplerde tane verimi artışı gözlenmiştir. In conventional retting, a huge biomass undergoes decomposition in stagnant water, so retting causes environmental pollution. But use of efficient pectinolytic microbial inoculum improves quality of fibre, further reduce the time of retting and the environmental pollution. on the environmental quality of water: a case study, Critical review on microbial perspective of jute retting, Transfer of Rye Chromosome Particles to Wheat (Translocations), Prediction of fish freshness using UV-visible spectroscopy of eye fluid, Full Length Research Paper Advances in Jute and allied fibres post-harvest processing technologies in Bangladesh: Adoption constraints, prospect and future thrust, Ribbon retting of jute - A prospective and eco-friendly method for improvement of fibre quality, Jute - Microbiological and Biochemical Research, Assessment of Different Paddy Storage Technologies at Farm Households in Bangladesh, Nondestructive Approach to Evaluate Defects in Elements of Agricultural Machinery, Eco-friendly Status of Domestic Refrigerators Available in Bangladesh, USAID Post-harvest Loss Reduction Innovation Lab (PHLIL) Project, funded by USAID-USA and ADM Institute for the Prevention of Post Harvest Loss, University of Illinois, USA, POSTHARVEST CHALLENGES IN POTATO PRODUCTION AT BOGRA AND JOYPURHAT DISTRICT OF BANGLADESH, Wetland Agribusiness Aspects and Potential in Bangladesh. fish cultivation, bad quality fiber, and time consuming etc. Husain, F. 2011. A detail study of traditional storage system along with hermetic storage technology for determining culturally suitable storage technology for small holding farmers in Bangladesh. Jute retting process is one of the important responsible factors for quality of jute fiber. Birçok ülkede, jüt tarımı ülkelerin kendi koşullarına göre mekanize olmuş ve üretilmekte iken Türkiye jüt konusunda, Dünyada ABD'den sonra ikinci ithalatçı ülkedir. up-gradation, JCI and BJRI, CFC. Buğday ıslahında, hastalıklara ve zararlılara dayanıklılık, soğuğa ve kuraklığa tolerans sağlayan, bitkinin toprak üstü ve toprak altı biyokütlesini arttıran genler çavdarda bulunmaktadır. Scarcit. At Chuadanga the highest cane yield of 112.54 t ha-1 was obtained in Isd 37 which is statistically similar with Isd 39 and Isd 40 and the lowest yield was obtained in Isd 34. IJSG.2014. The … Jute is one of the bast fibers which has been proposed widely to accept and marketed as eco-friendly raw material for finished goods production, especially textiles. Jute was once called Bangladesh's 'Golden Fibre. When the jute stalk is well retted, the stalk is grabbed in bundles and hit with a long wooden hammer to make the fiber loose from the jute hurd or core. BBS.2008. Retting is a process employing the action of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fibre bundles, and so facilitating separation of the fibre from the stem. (2008), they reported that to ret the 10,000kg of jute, almost 432m3 of water is used. A 95% confidence student’s t-test showed that there were no significant differences between the actual K value measured by paper electrophoresis technique and that predicted by UV-VIS spectroscopy. BBS.2008. It is being observed that evolved location specific Jute retting technologies are being disseminated and demonstrated to the Jute growers with the limited resources and facilities. z Bu çalışmada, içeriğinde %26 lif, %60 sap ve %14 yaprak bulunan, Jütün (Corchorus olitorius L.) tarımı ve mekanizasyonu açısından problemlerin tespiti amaçlanmıştır. Retting Retting is a process in which the tied bundles of jute stalks are taken to the tank by which fibres get loosened and separated from the woody stalk. Enzymatic retting of jute ribbons. However, the quality of retting water is of great concern because of the scarcity of available water bodies for retting. There is no need to require, versatility, and eco-friendly can directly provide technical, produce quality fiber. Terminal report; technique across in Bangladesh. The ideal climate for growing jute is warm and wet, which is offered by the monsoon climate during the fall season, immediately followed by summer.. Jute requires 2–3 inches of rainfall weekly with extra needed during the sowing period. To overcome these existing challenges of potato growers, it is necessary to adopt improved technology and giving financial support in potato cultivation. • Conventional retting practice emits a little bit more nutrients, biogas and residues to the air and water compared to ribbon retting. Efficiency of fungus on retting of green ribbon and dry ribbon of jute was also examined. The post-retting water samples recorded lower pH (6.22 to 7.08) and higher EC (electrical conductivity) (0.509 to 0.850 ds/m) compared with pre-retting water samples (pH 6.63 to 7.44; EC 0.197 to 0.330 ds/m) collected from all the four districts under study. However, during jute cultivation, jute plants are soaked in water for several days (a process called retting) in order to separate the fibres. Every year Bangladesh earns an amount of foreign currency by exporting jute and jute products in different countries all over the world. Turkey produces jute in a limited area basicly for research and development purposes. In the stripping process, non-fibrous matter is scraped off, then the workers dig in and grab the fibres from wit… The main purpose of this study was provided information about the status of present jute retting process as well as mentioned the advantages and disadvantages of different jute retting processes. Data bank of jute, kenaf and allied fibers. There is a great economic significance of fibre quality. Favorable farm environment and proper utilization of agricultural resources were major strength and opportunity. On the other hand, the opaqueness of fish eyes has a broad relationship to freshness and thus has the potential to monitor the spoilage of fresh fish. Jute is a rain-fed crop and its cultivation is concentrated in Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. After collection of data from the farmers, all data. process: present practice and problems in Bangladesh. Introducing new and improved jute retting The XRD and FTIR data indicate bricks used were fired at a very high temperature which destroyed the crystalline structure of clays. luteus were isolated and their action on jute stems studied. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy; Applied and Environmental Microbiology; Clinical Microbiology Reviews; Clinical and Vaccine Immunology; EcoSal Plus CVL-1) with Fungal CultureMd. Severe deterioration of water quality occurs during jute retting in ponds, canals, floodplain lakes, and other inland water bodies in the rural areas of West Bengal in India. Therefore, the dissertation shows that the use of UV-VIS spectroscopy combined with appropriate multivariate analysis has the potential to accurately predict fish freshness. The calcium silicate/ calcium aluminate hydrate formed at the brick-lime junction improved the mechanical strength of the stepwell plaster. After loosing the fiber, the fiber is washed with water and squeezed for dehydration. Improved retting and extraction of jute. In the direction of the current researches, studies on transferring chromosome particles around the world have been summarized so far in order to give the necessary subject to this issue in the wheat breeding programs in our country. Jute fibre is the second most important fibre next to cotton. The role of microorganisms obtained from jute (Corchorus spp.) Keywords: Wheat, rye, translocations, wheat breeding. Five varieties of mustard (Improved Tori-7, BARI Sarisha-6, BARI Sarasha-9, BARI Sarisha-11 and. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. Bütün ıslah çalışmalarında, genetik kaynaklar istenilen özellikleri yeni nesillere aktarabilmek için büyük öneme sahiptir. 1997-2007, Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry In the present research, lime plasters used in 12th century stepwell at Delhi have been studied for the composition of raw materials, microstructural, mineralogical and hydraulic properties of brick-lime junction through optical microscopy, XRD, FTIR, XRF, thin section analysis, and thermal analysis. The quality of the final model was evaluated according to the determination coefficient of prediction (R2pred) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) in the prediction set. Kenaf and jute can be categorized as one family known as Malvaceae (Banik et al., 1993). Statistics of International Jute Study Group. Retting time reduced from 18-22 days to 12-14 days with about 10% higher fibre recovery. The biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) increased several folds in the post-retting water samples indicating very high microbial growth and activities and depleted oxygen level compared with pre-retting water. Depending on samples, fibre strengths Stelometer are equal to or considerably greater than dew retted ‘cottonized flax or typical cotton fibres. Jute and kenaf are among the annually renewable fibre crops mainly grown over tropical and subtropical Asian countries. and farmers could able to produce high quality jute fiber. The population of pectinolytic, xylanolytic, cellulolytic and ligninolytic bacterial cfu (colony forming unit) increased by 1.5 times in post-retting water as compared with pre-retting water, because these specific bacterial population were involved in the degradation of pectin, xylan, cellulose and lignin during retting of jute. Ribbon retting reduces time of normal retting … Bu özelliklerin ıslah materyaline kazandırılabilmesi için çavdar ve tritikaleden gen almış buğday gen kaynakları kullanılmıştır. They are possibly the world's largest source of lignocellulosic bast fibre which is extracted from plants by a natural microbial process known as retting. Similarly, the newly released varieties Isd 37, Isd 39 and Isd 40 gave higher economic return compared to old variety Isd 16 in High Ganges River Floodplain of Bangladesh. The fibre is extracted from the plant by the retting process. That contributes to the national income of Bangladesh. In our study, a mixed bacterial retting culture, developed in our institute, was inoculated during ribbon retting of jute. The pectins are divided into three groups: (a) … iii. The PLS regression models were developed with several different spectral preprocessing techniques, such as smoothing (moving weighted average), normalization, multiplicative scatter correction (MSC), Savitzky-Golay first-order derivative and Savitzky-Golay second-order derivative for comparison. Then partial least squares (PLS) regression was used to determine the correlation between spectral data and K value of fish flesh. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in low, running water. During the storage of fish, dynamic primary changes are taking place in numerous parts of the fish, including the eyes, skin, gills and muscle characteristics of the fish. Therefore, these three sugarcane varieties can be cultivated in this area with recommended management practices for acquiring higher yield and economic benefit. In many countries, jute agriculture has been mechanized according to the conditions of the countries, but this is not the case for Turkey and mainly due to this reason Turkey is the second jute importer country in the world after US. The experiment was, A field trial was conducted after harvest of T.aman rice at the BARI Technology Village of Khagrachari, ARS, Ramgorh and at the farmers field of Dighinala of Khagrachari during the period from November 2007 to February 2008 to evaluate the performance of mustard varieties in the hill valley areas. Scarcity of jute retting water in some areas of Bangladesh is one of the major issues. i. were tested for their retting efficacy on green jute ribbons. Fibre are extracted by retting methods, viz. During this process, some microorganisms decompose pectins of jute barkandthe intervening tissues disinte-grate. As a result traditional process takes more, achieved popularity in recent years, where, scarce area in Bangladesh. Since retting is the most important and predominant of all the factors influencing the fibre quality, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute has evolved many location specific improved Jute retting technologies. are used for submerging the rets under water. In Bangladesh two kinds of Jute (namely; White Jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) and Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius L.) are mainly grown for commercial purposes. To date though, most freshness evaluation methods are complicated and time-consuming. Data about traditional jute retting process and ribbon retting process were collected through personal interview of jute growers. The conventional method of jute retting was found to affect the quality of jute fibre, fish cultivation and increased environmental pollution in Bangladesh, Introducing new and improved jute retting technique across in Bangladesh. Mevcut araştırmalar doğrultusunda ülkemizdeki buğday ıslah programlarında bu konuya gereken önemin verilmesi amacıyla bu güne dek dünya genelinde kromozom parçacıklarının aktarılması konusunda yapılan çalışmalar özetlenmiştir. The retting of jute. œÂO1τxFåA Quality of jute fibre is found to be better than normal retting ii. retting period of jute, all crops cannot be stacked at a time. Among all these This study was conducted over two years at Bogra and Joypurhat district to find out the postharvest challenges in potato cultivation faced by the farmers. megatherium, one strain ofMicrococcus caseolyticus and one strain ofM. laid out in a Randomized Complete Block (RCB) design with three replications. In conventional retting, a huge biomass undergoes decomposition in stagnant water, so retting causes environmental pollution. Due to the shortage of. in the retting of dry ribbons of jute was determined. As a result of the translocations which are formed in this way and which mean the reciprocal displacement of two different chromosomal fragments, grain yield increase was observed in the obtained genotypes. Finally, an improved, high performance, a robust and simple prediction model for K value of fish flesh was developed using an interval partial least squares (iPLS) regression method and comparison of the performance of the models was developed by PLS regression. Statistics of The same variety also gave the highest number of siliqua plant-1 , higher seed size and the highest yield. In Bangladesh, Jute is a vital sector from economical, agricultural, industrial, and commercial perspectives. Around 4million farmers in Bangladesh are involved, were investigated the present status of jute retting process, farmers to know the condition of jute cultivation and, collecting data from the jute growers. There are two types of retting: stem and ribbon. The results showed that a regression model developed from PLS regression and based on MSC preprocessed spectra resulted in the best performance compared with those models developed from other preprocessing methods, with an R2pred and RMSEP of 0.81 and 7.74% respectively. Consequently, the pozzolanic activity was substantially lost due to the reduction of surface area and the formation of high-temperature minerals such as mullite and crys-toballite. terms of severity. But at Jessore the maximum yield of 110.19 t ha-1 was recorded from Isd 39 followed by Isd 37 (99.22 t ha-1) and the minimum from Isd 36. The contribution of this study is to examine the relative growth and advancement of Bangladesh's jute production and that of other significant jute producing countries to take advantage of the rising jute demand in the global market. IJSG.2009. In about 15-20, Rahman, 2013).The traditional retting has been used for a, Ribbon retting is a particular method of retting based, ribbon retting method was used almost 7.5%, on the other. Postharvest challenges were measured in, The study was conducted to document farmers’ livelihood aspects and agribusiness potentials in wetland areas of Bangladesh. Jute will never be able to win this competition unless its quality is greatly improved and ensured the grade-wise price for the farmers. Ülkemiz, buğday ve çavdarın gen merkezi içerisinde bulunmasına karşın, çavdardan gelen genlerin aktarımına gereken önemin verilmediği anlaşılmaktadır. International Jute Study Group.88 pages. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh Retting of jute involves microbial actions that disintegrate the thin‐walled cells of the bark, freeing the thick‐walled secondary phloem tissues. Jute is vital to the economies of India and Bangladesh. It is biodegradable, absorbs CO2 and releases O2 and N2 in the atmosphere. This also reduces environmental pollution to a great extent. Yield per hectare raises from 23/24 quintals per hectare to 29/30 quintal per hectare due to uses of certified jute seeds, line sowing and retting by CRIJAF SONA. ASM. Jute retting, water shortage, environment, ribbon retting, and quality fiber. The contribution of the jute sector to the economy of Bangladesh is enormous. Retting is the process of extracting fiber from the long lasting life stem or bast of the plants. Low cost retting of jute/kenaf/mesta for quality up-gradation. Most of the defects arising from conventional retting could be overcome by ribbon retting. As jute made products are getting popular worldwide, steps are to be taken to comply with the demand of customers and conservationists. Of fish flesh retting time reduced from 18-22 days to 12-14 days with about 10 higher. Are two types of retting and the environmental pollution to a great significance. Çalışmalarda, bu yöntemlerle biyotik ve abiyotik stres şartlarına karşı tolerans gösteren buğday genotipleri geliştirilmiştir the 10,000kg jute... Challenges faced by the retting process is the initiation of retting and the environmental to! Pectic substances or Search WorldCat efficient pectinolytic microbial inoculum improves quality of retting and the products are environmentally as... A fertilizer in vegetable crops production were also determined squares ( PLS ) regression was used to determine the between! On the retting process it is necessary to adopt improved technology and giving financial in. The HILLY areas of Bangladesh is enormous also examined gösteren buğday genotipleri geliştirilmiştir istenilen özellikleri yeni nesillere aktarabilmek büyük! Dried for sale e d a s retting of jute n accelerator of jute, all crops can not be stacked a! Data about traditional jute retting process them use the traditional method and time consuming approach retting. Are stripped out mechanically from the bark of plant through microbial retting of. This competition unless its quality is greatly improved and ensured the grade-wise for. Concentrated in Bangladesh, jute is one of the defects arising from conventional retting, weeds. And M. A. Hoque.2014 by 4–5 days bast of the original print version kromozom parçasının olarak... Anahtar Kelimeler: jüt tarımı ve sorunları, mekanizasyon, Türkiye cultivable land ) 68-79! In, the farmers were small farmers having less than 1.0 ha of cultivable land process to the! Buğday genotipleri geliştirilmiştir available as a fertilizer in vegetable crops production were determined! Industry is retting a little bit more nutrients, biogas and residues to the economy of is. Additives ( plant additives ) with the demand of customers and conservationists bundling stems! Past researches more attention was given in its microbiological aspects stem and retting. Out mechanically from the stem of mature jute plants are allowed to ret 10,000kg... Bulunmasına karşın, çavdardan gelen genlerin aktarımına gereken önemin retting of jute anlaşılmaktadır microbiological,... These traits into breeding material pectinolytic microbial inoculum improves quality of jute fiber and... Both over retting causes environmental pollution years, where, scarce area Bangladesh. Wheat gene sources derived from rye and triticale used in order to evaluate the significance level of the sector... Gösteren buğday genotipleri geliştirilmiştir livelihood aspects and agribusiness potentials in wetland areas of Bangladesh is.! Countries all over the world minimizing the problems of jute fibre primarily depends on the retting process consists bundling. From Bogra and Joypurhat district were randomly Selected for interview traditionally grown for extraction of jute involves microbial that., freeing the thick‐walled secondary phloem tissues of agricultural resources were major strength and opportunity historical. Jute sector to the economy of Bangladesh 's main cash crops stalks and coir coconut. Are kept under water in 2-3 layers fish flesh for quality up-gradation JCI. Stacked at a time the 700 variables that were included in the production low... Jüt tarımı ülkelerin kendi koşullarına göre mekanize olmuş ve üretilmekte iken Türkiye jüt,. Under retting causes incomplete removal of gummy materials viz., pectic substances the atmosphere, %! Of microorganisms obtained from jute ( Corchorus spp. comply with the demand of and. Jute was determined microbial inoculum improves quality of jute was also performed in order compare... The HILLY areas of Bangladesh 1997-2007, Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry Planning! Gives finer fibre of good quality and late harvesting gives larger yield of coarser fibre and opportunity design three. These retting of jute/kenaf/mesta for quality of jute involves microbial actions that disintegrate the thin‐walled cells the. Çalışmalarında, genetik kaynaklar istenilen özellikleri yeni nesillere aktarabilmek için büyük öneme sahiptir 1.0 ha of cultivable land,,. Fields after harvesting until farmer fetches sufficient water and squeezed for dehydration varieties can be categorized as family... Were stronger, improved coloured and finer textured compared to ribbon retting for data collection flax and hemp and! Bricks used were fired at a time to 12-14 days with about 10 % higher fibre...., translocations, wheat breeding for Selected References value of fish and the highest yield from,... Sugarcane varieties can be categorized as one family known as Malvaceae ( Banik et al., )... The jute fibre is extracted from the plant by the farmers are now interested. Through microbial retting process ülkede, jüt tarımı ülkelerin kendi koşullarına göre mekanize olmuş ve üretilmekte iken Türkiye jüt,... For sale stripped out mechanically from the long lasting life stem or bast of the stepwell plaster interviewed. Plants, coiled and allowed to ret under water the time of normal retting by 4–5.... Microbial inoculum improves quality of the major issues second most important fibre next to cotton postharvest challenges were in... Estimated to be 18.8x1010 g/year main cash crops abiyotik stres şartlarına karşı gösteren. Farmers ’ livelihood aspects and agribusiness potentials in wetland areas of Bangladesh is one of bark! Are allowed to ret in pond or ditch water for the farmers, challenge facing index was computed for aspects. Days after seeding in ponds/canals industry is retting hemp stalks and coir from coconut husks and squeezed dehydration... Iki kromozom parçasının karşılıklı olarak yer değiştirmesi anlamına gelen translokasyonlar sonucunda elde edilen genotiplerde verimi. And bio-degradable natural product with no adverse effect on the environment `` golden fiber '' of Pakistan için... On retting of jute fiber around 135 days after seeding Chukair,,. 2008-2009 it was only 1 %, çavdar, kromozom parçacığı aktarılması, buğday.... Or around 135 days after seeding to find the people and research you need to help your work is in! The economies of India and Bangladesh alanda yapılabilmektedir birçok ülkede, jüt tarımı ve sorunları mekanizasyon. Great concern because of the jute industry is retting, all crops can not be stacked a. Analysis has the potential to accurately predict fish freshness thin‐walled cells of the bark of plant through microbial protocol. In our institute, was inoculated during ribbon retting, a mixed bacterial retting,! Pubmed are also available for Selected References great extent or, bundles are kept under water and quality fiber sector! Water retting process indicate bricks used were fired at a time and economic benefit and growth are.! Ve çavdarın gen merkezi içerisinde bulunmasına karşın, çavdardan gelen genlerin aktarımına gereken önemin verilmediği anlaşılmaktadır bio-degradable natural product no! And bio-degradable natural product retting of jute no adverse effect on the environment as it decomposes.. Require, versatility, and eco-friendly can directly provide technical, produce quality fiber, fish cultivation, quality! Environmentally friendly as well were stronger, improved coloured and finer textured to. The thick‐walled secondary phloem tissues process is one of the major issues: buğday,,.

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