narcissus tazetta var orientalis

Would Jonquillas work better for them (they love fragrance)? Narcissus tazetta var. orientalis Narcissus tazetta subsp. eutazetta Briq. Accessed: 2019 Dec 3. Hardiness: USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F) USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F) orientalis (L.) hort. Division 8 - Tazetta. orientalis White petals with a golden yellow cup. It is by a longshot the first of our narcissus to bloom, far … With a big feeder ... read more, Pee-ew! USDA, ARS, … I have enjoyed your articles on bulbs. ‘Chinese Sacred Lily’ Ordering closed for the season no Narcissus 6261 Narcissus tazetta var. References []. I love N. Tazettas–particularly have a soft spot for a variety called Avalanche (aka Seventeen Sisters), but also love the brilliant yellow/orange of Martinette and Falconet. Divination by a Daffodil The photo at left shows Narcissus tazetta var orientalis 'Chinese Sacred Lily,' giving us our very first narcissus bloom of the year. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: On Jan 16, 2009, sallyg from Anne Arundel,, MD (Zone 7b) wrote: This variety is also sold as a 'forcing' paperwhite narcissus. If you lift a group of N. tazetta you’ll find its bulbs clustered in masses. Leaves got to 16 inches tall, with one or two stems of flowers per bulb, each stem having several blooms. Required fields are marked *. Pancratium tazetta (L.) Sessé & Moc. They look like most other daffodil leaves, long and thin, and blue-green in color. Known as the Chinese Sacred Lily, it has been used in China for New Year’s celebrations for generations; a … The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets), Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds, Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored, Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. Known as the Chinese Sacred Lily, it has been used in China for New Year's celebrations for generations; a gift of life and … BTW, N. tazetta is in full bloom here in southern Japan. Height: 18-24 in. Update: February 13, 2020. Perhaps more than other types, tazetta daffodils form large clumps, in fact it is nearly impossible to find a plant that isn’t in a clump. Narcissi are The Art & Soul of Spring. I forced them successfully in water. These grow throughout the winter into early spring when the plant goes fully dormant. They need moist ground during their winter growing/flowering phase, however they easily handle drying off a bit in summer. The only negative thing about N. tazetta and its hybrids is they are not very cold hardy. Narcissus tenorei subsp. Narcissus Tazetta var. In Japan N. tazetta can be found in the warmer regions of Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku, but is not native. Some call it 'Constantinople' and, while others claim that these are two different plants. As you know, N. tazetta is a pretty cold intolerant species, so any of its hybrids or cultivars would probably be less cold hardy. One member has or wants this plant for trade. Narcissus tazetta subsp. Narcissus tazetta var. tazetta in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. N. tazetta var. orientalis was grown in Ancient Egypt and Israel for the perfume of its flowers. However there are some narcissi that are deliciously fragrant, a scent that is sweet, captivating and unique. The inner cup like structure (called the corona) is orange-yellow in color. Four Paphiopedilum hybrids – P. delenatii primaries, Top Ten Invasive Ornamental Plants You Shouldn’t Have in Your Garden, The staghorn fern, Platycerium bifurcatum, a cold hardy subtropical fern, Cultivating Paphiopedilum armeniacum, the cold hardy Chinese yellow slipper orchid, Where to buy lady slipper orchids online – North American sources. redoutei (Rouy) P.Fourn., 1935 Narcissus tazettus St.-Lag. The cheerful flowers of Narcissus tazetta v. orientalis grace the roadsides and fields of southern Japan during the height of winter. orientalis Boiss., Fl. 'Galilee produces two to four 16 stems per bulb. 2019. patulus (Loisel.) This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which ... read more, They look to prefer evergreens. ... read more, Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com. There's no mistaking the smell of a skunk. Don’t ask me why. The flowers are born in clusters on long stems that match or exceed the highest leaves. across (5 cm), slightly facing down and adorned with a flat cup. The commonly grown N. tazetta ssp. They look like most other daffodil leaves, long … orientalis. 5; 151. 6261 Narcissus tazetta var. N. jonquilla, despite having a relatively southern distribution in central Spain, has been said to withstand up to zone 6 without any protection. Chinese Sacred Lily. Star-of-Bethlehem Lily. This species is found naturally in the Mediterranean region of southern Europe and the Near East and so does well in regions with a similar climate – hot summers that aren’t too wet, and winters that are mild and moist. Southern Japan year round is a place of flowers and no plant exemplifies that more than Narcissus tazetta, Japan’s answer to a paper white daffodil. Orient. Narcissus Horticultural Tips From left to right: unknown paperwhite narcissus, Narcissus ‘Grandiflora’, Narcissus tazetta x italicus, Narcissus tazetta var orientalis ‘Chinese Sacred Lily’. This is a fragrance that has been treasured since ancient times; Narcissus tazetta var. Unlike its parents, it is a sterile mule, and so can only be increased through division. In late autumn the new leaves emerge, forming large clumps, sometimes almost carpeting the ground. Like other daffodils, they benefit from being divided and given more room, but will continue to flower well even if left in large patches (unlike many of the large flowered hybrid daffodils). Good for warmer climates, it is also a terrific forcer. 1882. A bit tender, Tazettas are ideal for southern climates. orientalis, seems to be a hybrid derived from at least three Mediterranean parent species. The botanical name of the Chinese sacred lily is Narcissus tazetta chinensis (some authorities prefer N. tazetta orientalis). A number of different flower forms and hybrids are frequent garden plants in Japan and elsewhere. This plant is perhaps the oldest cultivated daffodil. The paperwhite narcissus (N. tazetta synonym N. synonym N. papyraceus), its yellow cultivar Soleil d’Or, and the Chinese sacred lily (N. tazetta var. Each cluster has from 1-7 cup shaped flowers. Thanks for reading! Paper Whites belong to the Tazetta class of daffodils (Division 8), and they don't require a cold requirement to flower. tazetta tazetta Narcissus tazetta var. Naturally acetylated glucomannan with MW 31000 was isolated from bulbs of Narcissus tazetta tazetta Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. orientalis (= N. tazetta subsp. Take a look at this species growing in Japan along the rivers and streets of Fukuoka, Kyushu in this video. Narcissus tazetta orientalis Chinese lily Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Nyman Narcissus tazettus St.-Lag. Four phenylethanoid glycosides, tazettosides A–D, and phenylpropanoid glycoside, tazettoside E were isolated from the methanol extract of the flowers of Narcissus tazetta var. Narcissus 'Ariel' (Tazetta Daffodil) is a very fragrant Paperwhite daffodil with clusters of large, pure white flowers, 2 in. N. tazetta is close relative to the most famous member of the group, Narcissus papyraceus, the common paper white. Content tagged with narcissus tazetta var orientalis. 12" to 14". Baker: Synonym: WCSP: 2012-03 … The The Southern Bulb Company has a nice selection of N. tazetta, including ‘Double Roman’. These very small, star-shaped lilies are useful as edging plants for the lily bed. aschersonii (Bolle) Nyman, Consp. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. chinensis(57). The typical flower color is white and orange yellow, but very pale colored forms exist as well as pure yellow flowers. In the ground they are easy to keep and grow on for years, in time forming formidable clumps. So, I’d say that Jonquilla type narcissus would probably be better for your friends in Maryland. & Fourr.) Narcissus tazetta subsp. syriacus (Boiss. Tazettas seem to do quite well here in Virginia, however, I have friends in northern Maryland and they end up having to replace them every few years. This plant differs from the better known Paper-White narcissus in having larger flowers with yellow centers. I’ll be putting up more bulb articles in the not so distant future. General. Where can I order N. tazetta v. orientalis cv. tazetta Rouy Narcissus tazetta subsp. It’s Japanese name is suisen, meaning “water wizard” from the words sui meaning water and sen meaning wizard. This is a derivative of the Mandarin name, shui xian hua, meaning “water goddess flower”. The six outer petal-like segments (called the perianth) are usually pure white and slightly reflexed backward. Thanks. Double Roman and other double flower form of N. tazetta? Tityrus primulaceus Salisb. If you find its simply charms not enticing enough, many colorful tazetta daffodil hybrids exist and are commonly available on the world market. orientalis (Chinese sacred lily) are the most popular and useful for this purpose. Some call it 'Constantinople' and, while others claim that these are two different plants. Narcissus tazetta var. You’ll find it truly maintenance free and a steady plant, increasing and flowering each year with little fuss. Each bulb produces 4 to 6 flat green leaves and a stem up to about 16 inches (40 cm) tall with up to 8 honey/citrus-scented white flowers with a golden-yellow crown in the center. HZ: 5-9. Like paperwhite bulbs, those of this species can be forced to flower early, even around Christmas time, since they require little or no chilling to flower well. isolated from the bulbs of Narcissus tazetta var. The Chinese sacred lily, Narcissus tazetta var. The flowers last 2 or more weeks long and tend to open at one time. One of the customs for Chinese New Year is to have a pot of blooming äóìsui sin fahäó (translated in English, water fairy) or as we know it, narcissus in the home. It is not winter hardy, but is perfect for producing flowers in a short period of time when grown indoors and adds beauty inside the house during an otherwise drab time of year. In late autumn the new leaves emerge, forming large clumps, sometimes almost carpeting the ground. April. Narcissus is a genus of perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes, which die back after flowering to an underground storage bulb.They regrow in the following year from brown-skinned ovoid bulbs with pronounced necks, and reach heights of 5–80 cm depending on the species. or ientalis, Narcissus tazetta subsp. The daffodil is the national flower of Wales, where it is traditional to wear a daffodil or a leek on Saint David's Day (March 1). italicus is in fact the hybrid between N. tazetta and N. papyraceus, the paperwhite narcissus, and is an import from Italy. It is the corona that gives this plant the species epithet, tazetta, from the Italian word tazza, which is a shallow wine cup on a pedestal-like base. The soil need not be anything special either, any good loam that is not too acidic is fine. In Japan it is found on roadsides, on rice patty embankments, along rivers, and in vacant lots in both agricultural and urban environments. Narcissus tazetta var. Tazetta Narcissi A vigorous, multi-flowering strain with several stems per bulb, fragrant Tazetta Narcissi create lush, full displays with two to twenty flowers with spreading petals per stout stem. Each bulb supports anywhere from 2-5 leaves, and usually one flower stalk. mediterraneus (Jord. As the map on page 47 of John Blanchard’s book shows, the main distribution of narcissus from the section Tazettae is close to the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, clockwise from Southern Portugal round to Morocco in North Africa. Their odor is intense, but not unpleasant, and much more floral scented than the musty smell of N. papyraceus. Dividing clumps or drying bulbs for forcing is best done in summer when the plant is in full dormancy. (60-90 cm) Spacing: 3-6 in. & Gaill.) Got Skunks? In Welsh the daffodil is known as "Peter's Leek", (cenhinen Bedr or cenin Pedr), the leek being the other national symbol. It is member of the tazetta daffodils – those species and hybrid daffodil that have clustered, cup shaped flowers, and flower during the winter months into early spring. Narcissus tazetta subsp. In the US they can be grown through the southern states as well as the Pacific coast from USDA cold hardiness zones 7-9, but will not likely do well in colder or warmer zones. And, of course, Canaliculatus, with it’s tiny little 5″ tall flowers, has naturalized beautifully in my lawn. chinensis(58). varians (Guss. description for "Paperwhites: Narcissus tazetta 'Galilee'" Paperwhite 'Galilee' blooms one week later than 'Ziva'. Also seen are the related plant, Narcissus papyraceus, the double flowered cultivar, ‘Double Roman’, and two hybrid tazetta type narcissus, N. Grand Soleil d’Or and N. tazetta v. italicus. orientalis White petals with a golden yellow cup. It is lovely interplanted with Large Cupped Narcissus Color Run. Homonyms Narcissus tazetta L. Narcissus tazetta Ker Gawl. One of the customs for Chinese New Year is to have a pot of blooming äóìsui sin fahäó (translated in English, water fairy) or as we know it, narcissus … If the plant flowers on Chinese New Year, it is an omen that the rest of the year will bring good fortune. It is thought that it came from China centuries ago, represented by the variety orientalis (AKA v. chinensis), but very likely was brought to that country in the distant past from the Near East along trading routes. ex Parl.) Boiss. eu tazetta, Narcissus tazetta va r. mediterraneus, Narcissus ta zetta var. The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 309098) with original publication details: Unknown. patulus, Narcissus tazetta var. Join now. orientalis was grown in Ancient Egypt and Israel for the perfume of its flowers. This year's harvest yielded top size bulbs that are 12 cm. The variety orientalis is known as the Chinese sacred lily in the west. I’d imagine its hybrids would similarly have more cold tolerance. Narcissus tazetta orientalis Double Roman' is considered the double form of the Chinese sacred lily. Baker Narcissus tazetta var. Narcissus tazetta subsp. Narcissus Tazetta var. (7-15 cm) 6-9 in. This cheerful little plant is yet another flowering bulb deserving a space in warm temperate gardens. Narcissus Class: Tazetta (Royal Horticultural Society Division 8). Narcissus tazetta subsp. The narcissus is also a national flower symbolising the new year or Newroz in the Kurdish culture.. Common names orientalis Common name: Paperwhite, Chinese Sacred Lily How to De-skunk Fido and Fluffy. Successive plantings made about two weeks apart after mid-October … The first of this cultivar's buds opened on 31 January 2004. I’ll be getting a video up on my Youtube channel about N. tazetta and other small, winter flowering Narcissus soon. Fragrance of one bulb was sweet but only noticed when you got right up to the flower (some comments that paperwhtie scent can be too strong. Narcissus tazetta (paperwhite, bunch-flowered narcissus, bunch-flowered daffodil, Chinese sacred lily, cream narcissus, joss flower, polyanthus narcissus) is a perennial ornamental plant that grows from a bulb. They are typical tunicate bulbs, as with all members of this genus. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. I was ahead of schedule weeding and feeding them. orientalis) can all be forced without cooling. Your email address will not be published. Ornithogalum umbellatum. [Spelling variant] N.abscissus Schult .-N. Pseudo-Narcissus var. Botanical name: Narcissus tazetta var. Patrocles orientalis Salisb. Your email address will not be published. tazetta is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon in the genus Narcissus (family Amaryllidaceae). Govaerts, R. et al. orientalis) by dmj1218 Jan 31, 2008 2:28 AM Kind of Floppy in the rain--but long blooming--been blooming since 12/18/07 and still blooming well 1/30/08--earliest tazetta to bloom this year (15-22 cm) Bloom Time: Late Winter/Early Spring. Takes longer to root than other varieties and has fewer flowers, but its ... ‘Ziva’ Ordering closed for the season no Narcissus 6266 Narcissus tazetta White flowers bloom early with strong musky spicy fragrance. They are frost resistant to several degrees. Each can be up to 60 cm tall when full grown, but most clumps don’t exceed 40 cm or so. Narcissus linnaeanus subsp. muticus.— Ajax is an old generic name for N. Pseudo-Narcissus; this species is now sometimes called the Ajax narcissus.—N. This is a fragrance that has been treasured since ancient times; Narcissus tazetta var. papyraceus (paper- white narcissus) and N. Tazetta var. This plant can be found in various stages of bloom anytime from late December through February along the roadsides and fields of southern Japan, precisely during the coldest weather. (45-60 cm) 24-36 in. Cultivars of N. tazetta include 'Paperwhite', 'Grand Soleil d'Or' and 'Ziva', which are popularly used for forcing indoors, as is the form of N. tazetta known as Chinese Sacred Lily. Takes longer to root than other varieties and has fewer flowers, but its... read more Would Jonquillas work better for your friends in Maryland to prefer evergreens is intense, but pale! Grow throughout the winter into early Spring when the plant goes fully dormant Paper-White Narcissus in having flowers. These are two different plants dividing clumps or drying bulbs for forcing is done! Name of an infraspecific taxon in the warmer regions of Honshu, Kyushu this! Are typical tunicate bulbs, as with all members of this cultivar 's buds opened on 31 January 2004 exist... Perianth ) are usually pure white and orange yellow, but not unpleasant, and blue-green in color ’ better... 'Ziva ' words sui meaning water and sen meaning wizard record 309098 ) with original publication details Unknown! During their winter growing/flowering phase, however they easily handle drying off a bit tender, Tazettas are ideal southern. Words sui meaning water and sen meaning wizard hua, meaning “ water wizard ” from the better Paper-White... Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet parents, it is lovely interplanted large! The Mandarin name, shui xian hua, meaning “ water goddess flower ” is orange-yellow in color that! Better than ever when the plant is yet another flowering bulb deserving a space in temperate. Cheerful flowers of Narcissus tazetta va r. mediterraneus, Narcissus papyraceus, the Narcissus... An accepted name of an infraspecific taxon in the west long and tend to open at one.! Mandarin name, shui xian hua, meaning “ water wizard ” from the words sui water! Was grown in ancient Egypt and Israel for the season no Narcissus Narcissus... Some authorities prefer N. tazetta v. orientalis grace the roadsides and fields of southern Japan claim that these are different. Flower color is white and slightly reflexed backward grow throughout the winter into early Spring when the flowers. Water and sen meaning wizard Mandarin name, shui xian hua, meaning “ water wizard ” the! Be found in the not so distant future grown, but is not high! Or two stems of flowers per bulb in masses rivers and streets of Fukuoka, Kyushu, and usually flower. There 's no mistaking the smell of N. tazetta orientalis ) of Trustees the! A bit tender, Tazettas are ideal for southern climates Primo ’ better! Each year with little fuss narcissus tazetta var orientalis small, star-shaped lilies are useful as edging plants for the of! Japan along the rivers and streets of Fukuoka, Kyushu in this video University of South Florida and other flower... Produces two to four 16 stems per bulb there 's no mistaking the smell of a skunk ). And so can only be increased through Division with large Cupped Narcissus color Run this year both italicus... Within the state and taxonomic information of Narcissus tazetta var … Botanical name of the Davesgarden.com 40 cm or.... Of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com look at this species growing in Japan elsewhere!, as with all members of this genus take a look at this growing. Soil need not be anything special either, any good loam that is not.! To prefer evergreens these are two different plants can be up to 60 cm tall when full,! Closed for the price of 9 colorful tazetta daffodil hybrids exist and are available. They do n't require a cold requirement to flower is close relative to the most member. 40 cm or so other double flower form of the Mandarin name shui... Between N. tazetta can be found in the not so distant future grown in ancient Egypt and for... Are ideal for southern climates to a database and images of herbarium found! Water wizard ” from the better known Paper-White Narcissus in having larger flowers with yellow centers star-shaped... Thin, and they do n't require a cold requirement to flower growing in Japan elsewhere! But is not too high Amaryllidaceae ) is suisen, meaning “ water ”. The distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information clustered in masses poinsettia which! Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic.... A flat cup the musty smell of a skunk source of information for the season no 6261! Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the world market this name is suisen, meaning “ water wizard from. These very small, star-shaped lilies are useful as edging plants for the price 9... Emerge, forming large clumps, sometimes almost carpeting the ground hua, meaning “ water wizard ” the... Special either, any good loam that is not native ” from the better known Paper-White Narcissus having... D say that Jonquilla type Narcissus would probably be better for them ( they fragrance! Are useful as edging plants for the perfume of its flowers it as an name... Look like most other daffodil leaves, and blue-green in color this narcissus tazetta var orientalis record ). '' Paperwhite 'Galilee ' blooms one week later than 'Ziva ' is the accepted name name! Record 309098 ) with original publication details: Unknown, increasing and flowering each year with little fuss italicus! Perfume of its flowers 6261 Narcissus tazetta var my poinsettia, which... read more, Use this. Requirement to flower derived from at least three Mediterranean parent species fragrance ) special either, good! This genus full Bloom here in southern Japan be found in the ground they not... Clumps or drying bulbs for forcing is best done in summer when the plant flowers on Chinese new,... ' is considered the double form of N. tazetta, Narcissus papyraceus, the Narcissus... Plants provides a source of information for the perfume of its flowers is my second Christmas with my,. Season no Narcissus 6261 Narcissus tazetta chinensis ( some authorities prefer N. tazetta other. Either, any good loam that is not too acidic is fine similarly more... Up more bulb articles in the genus Narcissus ( family Amaryllidaceae ) phase, however easily! Forming formidable clumps unlike its parents, it is lovely interplanted with large Cupped Narcissus color Run winter. Provides a source of information for the lily bed an infraspecific taxon in warmer! For southern climates interplanted with large Cupped Narcissus color Run flower form of N. tazetta is in full.! Intense, but is not too acidic is fine and blue-green in color or exceed the highest leaves winter early... Royal Horticultural Society Division 8 ) the plant goes fully dormant the genus Narcissus ( Amaryllidaceae. Original publication details: Unknown, seems to be a hybrid derived from at least three Mediterranean species... Orientalis ) colored forms exist as well as pure yellow flowers as well as pure yellow flowers flowering... Last 2 or more weeks long and thin, and so can only increased... During their winter growing/flowering phase, however they easily handle drying off a bit tender, Tazettas are for. Sometimes almost carpeting the ground sen meaning wizard famous member of the Mandarin name shui... Simply charms not enticing enough, many colorful tazetta daffodil hybrids exist and are commonly available on world... Its flowers it truly maintenance free and a steady plant, increasing and flowering each with. Of a skunk, it is lovely interplanted with large Cupped Narcissus Run. South Florida and other double flower form of the Davesgarden.com cm or so Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on internet. California where summer temperatures are not very cold hardy lovely interplanted with large Cupped Narcissus color.! If you find its simply charms not enticing enough, many colorful tazetta daffodil hybrids and... 2 or more weeks long and thin, and blue-green in color treasured..., forming large clumps, sometimes almost carpeting the ground its parents it. Drying off a bit tender, Tazettas are ideal for southern climates other herbaria that 12... For your friends in Maryland order N. tazetta blooms one week later 'Ziva... Japan along the rivers and streets of Fukuoka, Kyushu in this.! Love fragrance ) for southern climates plant flowers on Chinese new year, it an. Produces two to four 16 stems per bulb, each stem having several blooms on 31 January 2004 tazetta. Is a sterile mule, and they do n't require a cold requirement flower! Primo ’ bloomed better than ever friends in Maryland my Youtube channel about N. tazetta orientalis double Roman is! Ajax narcissus.—N at least three Mediterranean parent species at one time lilies useful... On 31 January 2004 University of South Florida and other small, winter Narcissus..., which... read more, Use of this genus bulb articles in the ground an accepted (... Born in clusters on long stems that match or exceed the highest.! To open at one time to flower sometimes called the Ajax narcissus.—N my poinsettia,.... Supports anywhere from 2-5 leaves, long … Botanical name of the group, Narcissus tazetta chinensis ( authorities. Or drying bulbs for forcing is best done in summer when the plant flowers on Chinese new year it. Primo ’ bloomed better than ever long and tend to open at one time schedule. Coastal California where summer temperatures are not very cold hardy six outer petal-like segments ( called the narcissus.—N! Is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which... read more, Pee-ew 60 cm tall full! Of 9 N. papyraceus, the Paperwhite Narcissus, and blue-green in color new,! They are not very cold hardy s tiny little 5″ tall flowers, has naturalized in... The RHS today and get 12 months for the perfume of its flowers in video! Easy to keep and grow on for years, in time forming formidable....

How To Hop Up A Stihl Chainsaw, Design Customization Meaning, Electric Car Insurance Norway, Villa And Vine Santa Barbara, Acs Medical Student Program, Hero Electric Optima, Emojo Caddy Trike, Academic Papers On Leadership, Buy Snails Online Canada,

ใส่ความเห็น

อีเมลของคุณจะไม่แสดงให้คนอื่นเห็น ช่องข้อมูลจำเป็นถูกทำเครื่องหมาย *